The Hummer H3 began its life as the Humvee, a military vehicle used by the US Army to transport soldiers at the battlefield, particularly in operation desert storm in Iraq. When the vehicles returned to the US, Arnold Schwarzenegger noticed and praised them, and many people think this was the motivating force behind the Humvee morphing into the Hummer in 1992. Schwarzenegger bought a personal fleet of six Hummers, but later sold them all as the vehicle acquired a reputation as a gas guzzler. In 1998, General Motors purchased the brand name and marketed three vehicles: the original Hummer H1 military Humvee, as well as the new H2 and H3 models that were based on smaller, civilian-market vehicles. The H3 featured a two-speed, electronically controlled full-time four-wheel drive system that made it suitable for both on-road and off-road driving. Altogether, GM sold about 160,000 Hummer H3's. Between 2005 to 2010 when production stopped.